A grammar of the Telugu language/Contents

వికీసోర్స్ నుండి
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ముఖచిత్రం

CONTENTS OF GRAMMAR.

On Orthography p. 1. Alphabet 6. Vowels 8. Forms of initial vowels in Dictionary and in use 18. Consonants 19. On Sunna and Half Sunna 28. Caution to native tutors 32. Dialects 33. Accent 34. Mode of enunciation 35. Contractions used in writing 36. On Coromandel 36. Majors and Minors 39. Numerals 40. On Softening Initials 41. On lengthening final vowels 43. Elision 44. Changes in the last syllable, మన|ము 45. On Terminations in NI and NU 46. On uncertainty in spelling 47. On Terminations in ఇ ఇ, 47.

On the Noun 49. First Declension 51. తమ్ముడు, మంచివాడు, బల్లిదుడు, వొకడు.

Second Declension 53. గుర్రము, పెండ్లాము 54. పోవడము 54. రథము 55.

Third Declension 56. First class అన్న, పులి, 57. Other nouns 58. స్త్రీ, మనిషి 59.

Second class చావడి &c. 60.

Third class కన్ను, &c. 62.

Fourth class చోటు &c. 62. Neuter Numerals 63.

Fifth class వాయి &c. 64.

Sixth class చేను 64.

Seventh గొర్రు 65.

Eighth కాలు 65.

Same plural used for two nouns* 66. Foreign words 66.

Pronouns 68. Of First person 68. Second 69. Third person 69. Adjective Pronouns 74, Defective nouns 76. Adjectives 79.

On the Verb 81. Principal parts 83. Radical forms 84. Silent Roots 84. Infinitive forms 85. Participles 86. Tenses 87. "Rules of Formation." Formation of the Negative verb 93.

First Conjugation 94. పంపుట. చదువుట 97. వినుట 100. కొనుట 103. Middle Voice పంపుకొనుట 105. పడుట 108. Passive voice పోవుట 111. ఉండుట 114. ఔట, ఆపుట 117. కలుగుట 120. చాలుట "Can." 123. నేరుట Can. 123. నేర్చుట Can. 123.

Second Conjugation 124. తీయుట, పోయుట, కోయుట &c. 127. Roots 127. చేయుట 128. వ్రాయుట 131. తడియుట 133. వలయుట must, should, ought 135.

Third Conjugation 136. పెంచుట forming the root in CA పెంచ 136. II Verbs which form it in VA as కొలుచుట, కొలువ, గెలుచు, గెల్వ &c 137. III Verbs which use CA or VA, at pleasure : as ఈడుచు, ఈడ్చ or ఈడ్వ 137. IV Verbs which use ca or pa at pleasures : as మన్నించ or మన్నింప 138. V. Irregulars, as ఇచ్చు, తెచ్చు &c. which have a monosyllabic Root 139.

Specimen of regular verbs. Conjugation of పెంచుట to rear 139. మన్నించుట to pardon 141. పరీక్షించుట to try 144. వచ్చుట to come 147. ఇచ్చుట to give 149. తెచ్చు, వచ్చు, చచ్చు 151. చొచ్చు, నొచ్చు, చూచుట 152. General Rule for all the Conjugations on formation of Participles 152. Passive verb 153. పడుట, పంపబడుట to be sent.

On change of Conjugation 154. Middle voice 154. in కొను, as పంపుకొనుట.

Causal voice in Incu as పంపించుట to have it sent 155. కాగుట makes కాచుట 156. జరుగుట makes జరుపుట 156. Irregular verbs causal 157. Conjugation of Causals పంపించుట to have it sent. 159. Compound Tenses 160

On Syntax 165. Arrangement of words 166. Words understood not expressed 166. On Bried expressions, 166. On softening Initial Consonants 169. Conjunctions 169. On the Emphatic affixes A' E' O' 172. Changes in the first syllable 177. Elision of M. 178. Druta words 179. Cala words 180.

Adjectives 181. Feminine affixes 184. Comparative and Superlative 184. On Plurals 187. On Pritchett's Telugu New Testament 188. Syntax of the Cases of the Noun. Nominative 192. Combination of Nouns and Pronouns 193. Genitive 198. Dative 199. Accusative 200. Vocative 202. Ablative 203. Instrumental 206. Locative 206. Compound Nouns 207. Rules regarding Proper names 209. On Pronouns 213.

Syntax of the verb 219. Table of principal parts of Verbs 220. Syntax of the Verb 224. On Yes and No 225. On Kadu and Ledu 226. On the Infinitive 228. in TA, DAMU, DI. Monosyllabic verbs 230. The Root in A. 231. and GA. On Sunna optionally inserted as Ranga, Kaluganga 232. On the Infinitive in U 234. On Irregular Verbal Nouns 235. On the Negative Verbal in MI 239. On Verbs 239. in INCUTA, IMPUTA and ILLUTA. Syntax of Causal Verbs 240. On the Middle Voice 242.

On Participles 247. On the Present Participle 250. On the Past Participle 250. On the Compound Negative Tenses 251. On the Past Belative Participle 252. On the Relative Aorist Participle 253. On the Negative Participle "AKA" 255. On the Negative Relative Participle in NI 256. On the Conditional Aorist 257. On the Imperative 259.

Syntax of the Tenses. The Aorist 261. The present Tense 267. Future Tense 268. The Past Tense 269. On the Poetical Dialect 271. On Orthography 272. On Impersonal Verbs 273. Defectives 275. On the form used in prayer 275.

On certain Verbs used as Auxiliaries 270. On the formation of Verbs from Nouns 278. On Reiteration 278. On Participles 284. On (Anucaranamu) Adverbial Particles 286. On some words used Idiomatically 289. On Rules for finding words in the Dictionary 291.

On Prosody 293. On the drawling style of reading 295. On Feet 295. Feet having two syllables in each 297. On the Uniform Metres 297. The Canda Padyam 301. On the Telugu changing Metres 305. On the Dwipada 310. On some unusual Metres 311. On Musical Metres 315. On the Ragada Metre 316. On the Dandacam 319. On the Taruvaja, Utsaha, and Accara 320. On Rhyme 323.

On Etymology 325. On Druta words 326. On Cala words 328. On Softening Initial Consonants in Poetry 330. On Contraction in Poetry 332. On Elision and change of Vowels 333. On some Contractions 338. On Sanscrit Elision and Permutation 339. Permutation of Vowels 340. Exceptions and Anomalies 341. Coalition of Consonants 342. Mutations of Sibilants 342. Mutation of @h Visargah 342. On Compound Words 343.

On Arithmetical Marks 346. On Divisions of Measures 350. Measures of Length 353. Points of the Compass 354. On Etymology. Tatsamamu 355. Tadbhavamu 356. On Desyamu, Gramyamu 357. On some abbreviations 358. Examination Questions 359.